Graduate Fellowship Program Application Tips

The Rangel Fellowship Selection Panel judges each applicant based on a variety of criteria. It seeks individuals who show clear interest in a Foreign Service career with the U.S. Department of State, along with a strong academic background, a commitment to service, leadership skills, financial need for graduate school, diverse interests in areas such as international affairs and government, cultural sensitivity, writing skills, and an ability to overcome obstacles. A good application introduces the individual to the panel and shows his/her unique motivations, experiences, accomplishments, and career goals. Thus, there is no specific formula for preparing a competitive application, as each applicant is unique. However, below are a few tips. Please review the Frequently Asked Questions for additional details and prior to emailing program staff with questions.

1) Review all application requirements for the fellowship to ensure you are eligible and prepared. 

Applicants should review all requirements up front at the Rangel Program website ( The program has no flexibility on core eligibility requirements, such as U.S. citizenship, cumulative GPA, and plans to attend a two-year graduate program. Applicants should make a plan to complete all aspects of the application on time. This will require steps such as securing letters of recommendation and transcripts, preparing graduate school applications, collecting financial data, and writing a statement of interest. The FAQ section of the website can answer many application questions; the “Typical Fellowship Experience” and profiles of fellows can help explain the Rangel Fellowship program better.

2) Clearly explain in your statement of interest your motivations for applying for the fellowship and identify the background, experiences, skills, and motivation that you believe will make you successful in the Foreign Service. (600 Words)

This fellowship provides a unique pathway to a career in the Foreign Service of the Department of State. A strong interest to pursue such a career should be the main reason for you to apply. Thus, a first step should be to research the work of the Foreign Service ( If you are enthusiastic about representing the government and people of the United States as a Foreign Service Officer, then you should apply. Your statement of interest should highlight why you want to pursue this career and why you believe you will be successful.

Applicants should carefully craft a statement that highlights their motivations, as well as their background, experiences, and skills that would help them to succeed in the Foreign Service. The panel is interested in seeing indications of diverse interests and backgrounds, including experiences living, working, or traveling overseas; international exposure within the United States; internship or work experiences in government, NGOs,  service organizations, and/or business enterprises; and other experiences relevant to the work of the Foreign Service. It values experiences that show cultural sensitivity, including interest or experiences in languages or working with various cultural or socioeconomic groups, as well as those that show planning and organizing skills and other examples of the 13 Dimensions deemed essential to the work of the Foreign Service at the United States Department of State. Competitive applications demonstrate strong writing skills, including clear statements of goals, interests, and background, and proper English usage.

The panel is interested in the applicant’s demonstration of resilience and how this affected motivations or readiness for the Foreign Service. Competitive applicants demonstrate a commitment to service generally and a career in the Foreign Service of the U.S. Department of State particularly. Applicants do not need to explain to the panel their understanding of specific U.S. foreign policy issues in the statement; however, they should have a knowledge and understanding of fundamental U.S. foreign policy interests and goals, topical international affairs issues, and major foreign policy challenges facing the United States. These issues will be explored during the interview section of the selection process if an individual is chosen as a finalist.

Applicants should review their statements carefully to ensure that they answer the question asked, that they express ideas clearly and concisely and that they are free from grammatical, spelling, or other errors. The statement should be 600 words or less. If the statement is too long, cut out non-essential information. The panel does not need the applicant to tell them what globalization is; it needs to know who they are and why they want to pursue this opportunity and challenge.

3) Review the Department of State website for information about the Foreign Service Career Tracks. During the application period, applicants are not legally bound to the track of their choice. However, applicants are strongly encouraged to familiarize themselves with the roles and responsibilities of each track.

We encourage applicants to read about the 13 Dimensions of qualities that make for a successful Foreign Service Officer, the description of all of the tracks, and take the Career Track Quiz.

4) Demonstrate a strong academic background.

Applicants should provide unofficial transcripts for ALL colleges or universities that they have attended, including study abroad programs. Failure to submit all transcripts upfront can halt the consideration of an application.  Applicants should request transcripts early and ensure that they are submitted to the Rangel Program before the deadline. The panel reviews all academic transcripts, looking for course work that would, overall, normally indicate particular academic ability and rigor or that is relevant to Department of State Foreign Service skill needs. There is no specific requirement for an academic major, and the panel is interested in the applicant’s overall academic background. However, it does look for coursework in the following areas: Mathematics /Quantitative Courses and/or Sciences; English; Economics, Business, and/or Political Science; and foreign language skill or studies. Coursework in these areas is not required but can be a useful indicator of success in graduate school and beyond.

5) Obtain strong letters of recommendation; ensure they arrive on time.

The fellowship requests two letters of recommendation, one from a faculty member and one from a community leader. The community leader should be an individual in a position of responsibility who can comment on the applicant’s non-academic accomplishments and potential, including work ethic, initiative, dependability, composure, goal-orientation, interpersonal skills, etc. Examples of community leaders could include an internship supervisor, a faculty advisor for a student organization, or a work employer or supervisor.

Applicants should seek individuals who know them and their work well. Titles of recommenders are less important than the substance of recommendations. Thus, a professor with whom you have taken several classes will likely be able to give a more compelling assessment of your strengths and areas for improvement than the Department chairperson whom you do not know as well. Your supervisor in a congressional internship may give better insights on your abilities than a general recommendation from the member of Congress with whom you did not work personally.

Applicants should approach recommenders early, provide the needed information, and monitor to ensure that they submit the recommendations on time. The best letters of recommendation directly address the applicants’ suitability for this fellowship program and the Foreign Service. Generic letters of recommendation are discouraged. Missing letters of recommendation are one of the most common problems in applications; it is the applicant’s responsibility to make sure that all letters arrive on time.

Applicants can view a template of the letter of recommendation request that the programs send to their recommenders. Applicants will identify and provide contact information for recommenders in the application, and the program will contact them to arrange for them to send the letter of recommendation directly to the program. The template should not be submitted to the program. Please instruct your recommender to complete the form using the link to the recommender portal received once a request is initiated.

6) Demonstrate the need for financial assistance to attend graduate school. 

The selection panel factors economic status into the selection process. It is interested in learning of backgrounds that show financial disadvantage or applicants’ needs to secure non-family economic assistance to attend graduate school. There are many different manifestations of financial need, including reliance on grants and loans as an undergraduate student, accumulation of significant student debt, the need to work while in school, lack of family resources, choice of less expensive schools, and/or discontinuation of family support for graduate school. Applicants can help the selection panel to understand their particular financial situation in the following ways:

  • Answering financial questions in the application, based on the information in the FAFSA. Applicants should use 2019 financial data in the 2021-2022 FAFSA.
  • Submitting the Student Aid Report generated from the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form.
  • Submitting documentation from your university that shows financial assistance you received during your undergraduate years. If the applicant did not receive financial assistance, he/she does not have to submit this form.
  • Writing a statement that explains your particular situation. The most useful statements focus specifically on questions of financial need. They clearly and concisely explain applicants’ needs for financial assistance for graduate school and any plans for covering these costs. They use quantitative data whenever possible, including specific data on financial assistance received during undergraduate school and outstanding education-related debt. They can highlight overall family economic status, as well as the individual’s situation, e.g. work during school, low-paid service positions, or particular financial obligations. This is your chance to make your case.  You have 400 words to do it.

7) Include in your application all relevant extracurricular, community, or volunteer experiences and highlight any leadership roles in these efforts. 

The panel is particularly interested in extracurricular, community, or volunteer activities that show a commitment to service and to social causes, public policy, and related issues. Applicants should list all such activities and indicate any leadership roles that they have had in such activities, including creating programs or organizations or serving as an officer in an organization. The panel also values work experiences that show an interest in such issues.

8) List all relevant college or university honors and awards.

These honors and awards could include inclusion in the Dean’s List, service or academic awards, scholarships, selection for prestigious programs, membership in academic or service organizations, or any other honor the individual would like to highlight in their academic or professional career.

9) Proofread all aspects of your application carefully; submit all application materials on time.

The fellowship selection process is very competitive. Applications that are polished, well written, address all requirements, and arrive on time and complete generally create a favorable impression. You can track the status of your application and recommendations online.

Contact the Rangel Program staff if you have any questions after reviewing the website. We are happy to answer e-mails.